|Title||Population assessment of the endemic angelfish Holacanthus limbaughi from Île de La Passion-Clipperton Atoll (Tropical Eastern Pacific)|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Clua E, Bessudo S, Caselle JE, Chauvet C, Jost C, Friedlander AM|
|Journal||Endangered Species Research|
ABSTRACT: We provide the first assessment for a coral reef fish population of a potentially threatened endemic species from a remote and isolated oceanic island. Based on a 3-dimensional (3D) numerical field model of the reef habitat and underwater visual censuses conducted by 2 different teams in February and May 2016, we show that the 3.7 km$^\textrm2$ of the Clipperton Atoll reefs shallower than 30 m host >50000 ind. (average density of 0.02 ind. m$^\textrm-2$) of the endemic Clipperton angelfish \textitHolacanthus limbaughi. Based on limited submersible observations to 150 m, the population likely extends below the 30 m depth stratum, resulting in an even larger population size and providing a potential depth refuge against expected warming ocean temperatures.