Journal Articles

Numata, I., D.A. Roberts, Y. Sawada, O.A. Chadwick, J.P. Schimel, H. Sawada, and J.V. Soares. 2007. Characterization of pasture biophysical properties and the impact of grazing intensity using remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of the Environment. In press

Jackson, R.B., N. Fierer, and J.P. Schimel. 2007. New Directions in Microbial Ecology (intro to special feature section in Ecology). Ecology. In press.

Schimel, J.P., T.C. Balser, and M. Wallenstein. 2007. Microbial stress-response physiology and its implications for ecosystem function. Ecology. In press.

Wallenstein, M. McMahon, S., and J. Schimel. 2007. Bacterial and fungal community structure in Arctic tundra tussock and shrub soils. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 59 (2): 428- 435.

Numata, I., Chadwick, O.A., Roberts, D.A. Schimel, J.P., Sampaio, F.F., Leonidas, F.C., and Soares, J.V. 2007. Temporal nutrient variation in soil and vegetation of 1 post-forest pastures as a function of soil order, pasture age, and management, Rondônia, Brazil. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 118: 159–172.

Fierer, N., B. P. Colman, J. P. Schimel, and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Predicting the temperature dependence of microbial respiration in soil: A continental-scale analysis, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB3026, doi:10.1029/2005GB002644.

Schimel, J.P., J. Fahnestock, G. Michaelson, C. Mikan, C.-L. Ping, V.E. Romanovsky, and J. Welker. 2006. Cold-season production of CO2 in Arctic soils: can laboratory and field estimates be reconciled through a simple modeling approach? Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 38: 249-256.

Li, X., T. Meixner, J.O. Sickman, A.E. Miller, J.P. Schimel, and J.M. Melack. 2006. Decadal-scale dynamics of water, carbon and nitrogen in a California chaparral ecosystem: DAYCENT modeling results. Biogeochemistry. 77: 217–245.

Miller, A.E., J.P. Schimel, T. Meixner, J.O. Sickman, and J.M. Melack. 2005. Episodic rewetting enhances carbon and nitrogen release from chaparral soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 37: 2195-2204.

Schimel, J. 2005. New section: synthesis and emerging ideas. Biogeochemistry. 75: v–vi Editorial announcing introduction of the new section.

Chapin, F. S. III, M. Sturm, M. C. Serreze, J. P. McFadden, J. R. Key, A. H. Lloyd, A. D. McGuire, T. S. Rupp, A. H. Lynch, J. P. , J. Beringer, W. L. Chapman, H. E. Epstein, E. S. Euskirchen, L. D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C. L. Ping, K. D. Tape, C. D. C. Thompson, D. A. Walker, and J. M. Welker. 2005. Role of Land-Surface Changes in Arctic Summer Warming. Science 310: 657-660.

Weintraub, M.N., and J.P. Schimel. 2005. The seasonal dynamics of amino acids and other nutrients in Alaskan Arctic tundra soils. Biogeochemistry. 73: 359–380

Weintraub, M.N. and J.P. Schimel. 2005. Seasonal protein dynamics in Alaskan Arctic tundra soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 37: 1469-1475.

Schimel, J.P., and C. Mikan. 2005. Changing microbial substrate use in Arctic tundra soils through a freeze-thaw cycle. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 37: 1411-1418.

Fierer, N., J.M. Craine, K. McLauchlan, and J.P. Schimel. 2005. Litter quality and the temperature sensitivity of decomposition. Ecology. 86: 320-326.

Weintraub, M.N., and J.P. Schimel. 2005. Nitrogen cycling, spread of shrubs control changes in carbon balance of arctic tundra ecosystems. BioScience. 55: 408-415.

Sturm, M. J. Schimel, G. Michaelson, J. Welker, S.F. Oberbauer, G.E. Liston, J. Fahnestock, V.E. Romanovsky. 2005. Winter biological processes could help convert Arctic tundra to shrubland. BioScience 55: 17-26.

Schimel, J.P. 2004. Playing scales in global biogeochemistry: from microbial ecology to global cycles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 101: 12400-12401.

Doyle, A., M.N. Weintraub, and J.P. Schimel. 2004. Digestion and simultaneous colorimetric analysis of Carbon and nitrogen in soil extracts. Soil Science Society of America Journal 68: 669-676.

Schimel, J. P., and J. Bennett. 2004. Nitrogen mineralization: challenges of a changing paradigm. Ecology 85: 591-602.

Schimel, J.P., C. Bilbrough, and J.M. Welker. 2004. The effect of increased snow depth on microbial activity and nitrogen mineralization in two Arctic tundra communities. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36: 217-227.

LaMontagne, M.G., J.P. Schimel and P.A. Holden. 2004. Comparison of Subsurface and Surface Soil Bacterial Communities in California Grassland as assessed by Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA Genes. Microbial Ecology 46: 216-227.

Fierer, N., A.S. Allen, J.P. Schimel, and P.A. Holden. 2003. Controls on microbial CO2 production in surface and subsurface soil horizons. Global Change Biology 9: 1322-1332.

Sickman, J.O., A. Leydecker, C.C.Y. Chang, C. Kendall, J.M. Melack, D.M. Lucero, and J. P. Schimel. 2003. Mechanisms underlying export of N from high-elevation catchments during seasonal transitions. Biogeochemistry 64: 1-24.

Fierer, N., and J.P. Schimel. 2003. A proposed mechanism for the pulse in CO2 production commonly observed following the rapid rewetting of a dry soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67: 798-805.

Fierer, N. J.P. Schimel, and P.A. Holden. 2003. Influence of drying-rewetting frequency on soil bacterial community structure. Microbial Ecology 45: 63-71.

Weintraub, M.N. and J.P. Schimel. 2003. Interactions between carbon and nitrogen mineralization and soil organic matter chemistry in Arctic tundra soils. Ecosystems 6: 129– 143.

Schimel, J.P. and M.N. Weintraub. 2003. The implications of exoenzyme activity on microbial carbon and nitrogen limitation in soil: a theoretical model. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 549-563.

Fierer, N., J.P Schimel, and P.A. Holden. 2003. Variations in microbial community composition through two soil depth profiles. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 167-176.

Mikan, C.J., J.P. Schimel, and A.P. Doyle. 2002. Temperature Controls of Microbial Respiration Above and Below Freezing in Arctic Tundra Soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34: 1785-1795.

Fierer, N. and J.P. Schimel. 2002. Effects of drying-rewetting frequency on soil carbon and nitrogen transformations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34: 777-787.

Fierer, N., J.P. Schimel, R.G. Cates, and J. Zou. 2001. The influence of balsam poplar tannin fractions on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in Alaskan taiga floodplain soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 33:1827-1839.

Bardgett, R.D., J.M. Anderson, V. Behan-Pelletier, L. Brussaard, D.C. Coleman, C. Ettema, A. Moldenke, J.P. Schimel and D.H. Wall. 2001. The role of soil biodiversity in the transfer of materials between terrestrial and aquatic systems. Ecosystems 4:421-429.

Chambers, J.Q., J.P. Schimel, and A.D. Nobre. 2001. Respiration from coarse wood litter in Central Amazon Rain Forest. Biogeochemistry 52: 115-131.

Stark, J. and J. Schimel. 2001. Errors in “Overestimation of gross N transformation rates in grassland soils...” Soil Biology & Biochemistry 33: 1433-1435.

Hobbie, S.E., J.P. Schimel, S.E. Trumbore, and J.R. Randerson. 2000. Controls over carbon storage and turnover in high-latitude soils. Global Change Biology 6 (Suppl. 1): 196-210.

Gulledge J. and J.P. Schimel. 2000. Controls over carbon dioxide and methane fluxes across a taiga forest landscape. Ecosystems 3: 269-282.

Chambers, J.Q., N. Higuchi, J.P. Schimel, L.V. Ferreira, and J.M. Melack. 2000. Decomposition and carbon cycling of dead trees in tropical evergreen forests of the central Amazon. Oecologia 122: 380-388.

Schimel, J. 2000. Rice, microbes and methane. Nature 403: 375-377.

Schimel, J.P., J.M. Gulledge, J.S. Clein-Curley, J.E. Lindstrom, and J.F. Braddock. 1999. Moisture effects on microbial activity and community structure in decomposing birch litter in the Alaskan taiga. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 31: 831-838.

Gulledge, J. and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Low-concentration kinetics of atmospheric CH4 oxidation in soil and the mechanism of NH4+ inhibition. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 4291-4298.

Schimel, J.P., R.G. Cates, and R. Ruess. 1998. The role of balsam poplar secondary chemicals in controlling soil nutrient dynamics through succession in the Alaskan taiga. Biogeochemistry 42: 221-234.

Doyle, A.P. and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Dichromate digestion and simultaneous colorimetry of microbial Carbon and Nitrogen. Soil Science Society of America Journal 62: 937-9421.

Schimel, J.P. and J. Gulledge. 1998. Microbial Community Structure and Global Trace Gases. Global Change Biology 4: 745-758.

Gulledge, J.M., P.A. Steudler, and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Effect of CH4–starvation on atmospheric CH4 oxidizers taiga and temperate forest soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 30:1463-1467.

Gulledge, J. and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Moisture Control over Atmospheric CH4 Consumption and CO2 Production in Diverse Alaskan Soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 30: 1127-1132.

Wagener, S.M. and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Stratification of soil ecological processes: a study of the birch forest floor in the Alaskan taiga. Oikos 81: 63-74.

Wagener, S.M., M.W. Oswood, and J.P. Schimel. 1998. River and soil continua: Parallels in carbon and nutrient processing. BioScience 48: 104-108.

Chambers, J.Q., N. Higuchi, and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Ancient trees in Amazonia. Nature 391: 135-136.

Gulledge, J.M., A.P. Doyle, and J.P. Schimel. 1997. Different NH4+–Inhibition patterns of soil CH4 consumption: a result of distinct CH4 oxidizer populations across sites? Soil Biology & Biochemistry 29: 13-21.

Schimel, J.P. and J.S. Clein. 1996. Microbial response to freeze-thaw cycles in tundra and taiga soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 28: 1061-1066.

Schimel, J.P. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Tundra plant uptake of amino acid nitrogen in situ: plants compete well for amino acid N relative to NH4+. Ecology 77: 2142-2147.

Doyle, A.P. and J.P. Schimel. 1996. Analysis of Kjeldahl digests by the salycilate method: optimizing pH and buffering improves both sensitivity and precision. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 27: 2549-2560.

Schimel, J.P. 1996. Assumptions and errors in the 15NH4+ pool dilution technique for measuring mineralization and immobilization. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 28: 827-828.

Schimel, J.P. K. Van Cleve, R. Cates, T. Clausen, and P. Reichardt. 1996. Effects of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) tannins and low-molecular-weight phenolics on microbial activity in taiga floodplain soil: changes in N cycling during succession. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 84-90.

Clein, J.S. and J.P. Schimel. 1995. Microbial activity of tundra and taiga soils at sub-zero temperatures. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 27: 1231-1234.

Schimel, J.P. 1995. Plant Transport and Methane Production as Controls on Methane Flux from Arctic Wet Meadow Tundra. Biogeochemistry 28: 183-200.

Clein. J.S. and J.P. Schimel. 1995. Nitrogen turnover and availability during succession from alder to poplar in Alaskan taiga forests. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 27: 742-752.

Clein, J. and J.P. Schimel. 1994. Reduction in microbial activity in birch litter due to drying and rewetting events. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 26: 403-406.

Sugai, S.F. and J.P. Schimel. 1993. Decomposition and biomass incorporation of 14C-labeled glucose and phenolics in taiga forest floor: effect of substrate quality, successional state, and season. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 25: 1379-1389.

Schimel, J.P., E.A. Holland, and D. Valentine. 1993. Controls on methane flux from terrestrial systems. In: Agroecosystem effects on radiatively active trace gasses and global climate change. A.R. Mosier, J. Duxbury, and L. Harper. (Eds.) Am. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, pp. 167-182

Schimel, J.P., P. Robertson, D. Baldocchi, J. Bogner, E. Davidson, D. Ehhalt, D. Fowler, P. Groffman, K. Haider, V. Isadorov, L. Klemedtsson, J. Melillo, K. Smith, W. Wieprecht. 1992. Impacts of Trace Gas Fluxes in Mid-Latitude Ecosystems. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 42: 124-132.

Tiedje, J.M., J.F. Quensen, III, J. Chee-Sanford, J.P. Schimel, and S.A. Boyd. 1993. Microbial Reductive Dechlorination of PCBs. Biodegradation 4: 231-240.

Schimel, J.P., S. Helfer, and I. J. Alexander. 1992. Effects of Starch additions on N-turnover in Sitka Spruce Forest Floor. Plant & Soil 139: 139-143.

Thomas, D.J., and J.P. Schimel. 1991. Mars after the Viking missions: is life still possible? Icarus 91: 199-206.

Killham, K., J. P. Schimel, and D. Wu. 1990. Ecophysiology of the soil microbial biomass and its relation to the soil microbial N pool. Soil Use and Management 6: 86-88.

Schimel, J.P., L.E. Jackson, and M.K. Firestone. 1989. Spatial and temporal effects on Plant- microbial competition for inorganic nitrogen in a California annual grassland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 21: 1059-1066.

Schimel, J.P., W. Scott, and K. Killham. 1989. Changes in cytoplasmic carbon and nitrogen pools in a soil bacterium and a fungus in response to salt stress. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55: 1635-1637.

Schimel, J.P. and M.K. Firestone. 1989. Nitrogen incorporation and flow in a coniferous forest soil profile. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53: 779-784.

Jackson, L.E., J.P. Schimel, and M.K. Firestone. 1989. Short-term partitioning of nitrate and ammonium between plants and microbial biomass in annual grassland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 21: 409-415.

Schimel, J.P. and M.K. Firestone. 1989. Inorganic nitrogen incorporation by coniferous forest floor material. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 21: 41-46.

Schimel, J.P., M.K. Firestone, and K.S. Killham. 1984. Identification of heterotrophic nitrification in a Sierran forest soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 48: 802-806.

Melillo, J.M., J.D. Aber, P.A. Steudler, and J.P. Schimel. 1983. Denitrification potentials in a successional sequence of northern hardwood forest stands. Ecological Bulletin (Stockholm) 35: 217-228.

Tatum, C.M., M.G. Fernald, and J.P. Schimel. 1980. Facile new synthesis and purification of 5,10-methenyl-tetrahydrofolate from folic acid. Analytical Biochemistry 103: 255-257.